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Mathematical Modelling Of Glucose-Insulin System And Test Of Abnormalities Of Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Authors: Wellars Banzi, Immaculate Kambutse, Vincent Dusabejambo, Eric Rutaganda, Froduald Minani, Japhet Niyobuhungiro, Lydie Mpinganzima and Jean Marie Ntaganda
This paper presents a mathematical model of glucose-insulin dynamics which is specific for type 2 diabetic patients. The general modelling is obtained by simplification of a global compartmental model by John Thomas Sorensen. The model parameters are estimated using nonlinear optimization and data collected in Rwanda for type 2 diabetic patients. In order to identify and evaluate possible abnormalities of type 2 diabetic patients, the Sampling Importance Resampling (SIR) particle filtering algorithm is used and implemented through discretization of the developed mathematical model. This process is done by clamping insulin and glucose concentrations at around clinical trial values as proposed by Defronzo. Furthermore, for detecting potential abnormalities in type 2 diabetic patients, we compare our results with results obtained from a simulation of the mathematical model for healthy subjects. The proposed mathematical model allows further investigation of the dynamic behavior of glucose, insulin, glucagon, stored insulin, and labile insulin in different organs for type 2 diabetic patients.
Link: Mathematical Modelling of Glucose-Insulin System and Test of Abnormalities of Type 2 Diabetic Patients (hindawi.com)